The agreement between Brazil and the United States for the use of the Alcântara Launch Center in Maranhão creates "restricted areas", where American technologies, jointly defined between the two countries, will be manipulated. Access to these specific locations will be permitted by Brazil only to persons authorized by the Trump government. The document, to which the State had access, will have to be approved by the National Congress. In addition to the restricted space, the partnership between the two countries also provides for "controlled areas". But in this case, access of people to the site may be authorized by Brazil and other countries that participate in activities at the base of Alcântara. The agreement also establishes limitations on the Brazilian investigation power in cases of accidents.
 In 2000, the Fernando Henrique Cardoso government proposed that only the Americans would have access and exclusive control to the areas they occupied in Alcântara. This point had a bad repercussion and the agreement was overturned by Congress. In order to avoid repeating the controversy over the violation of national sovereignty, the partnership signed this year by the governments Bolsonaro and Trump defined "restricted areas" and determined that only in those places would access be authorized exclusively by the Americans.
 Professor of international relations at the Superior School of Advertising and Marketing (ESPM), in São Paulo, Gunther Rudzit, defended the existence of restricted areas. "The US concern is justified. Companies and agencies invest billions in technology and do not want to have that technology stolen, "he said. "In Brazil, we are not accustomed to espionage being a reality. This is not Hollywood, "he said.
 At the time of the attempted agreement in the FHC government, Rudzit, who holds a master's degree in national security from Georgetown University, advised then-Defense Minister Geraldo Quintão. He assessed that the current government negotiated the terms of the agreement more than it did then. "The left parties will want to create controversy to beat the Bolsonaro government, but the agreement is considered."
 The ministry prepared a 56-page presentation to convince members and senators that the agreement on technological safeguards is positive for the country. The ministry anticipated its defense on the most controversial point: "The so-called restricted areas, where the American technologies, will be jointly designated between Brazil and the USA and are textually areas within the national territorial jurisdiction. "
 The ministry stressed that "Brazilian police and emergency relief agencies will have operational access to restricted areas as needed and Brazil can approve or restrict access of persons accredited by the United States." In the event of an accident in which the wreck falls inside or outside the military area of ​​Alcântara, for example, the United States demanded that the Brazilian government ensure the creation of a restricted zone for the storage of the remaining equipment that will have controlled access by the Americans .
 Brazil is still required to return "such components or debris" without being "studied or photographed" in any way, "except as otherwise agreed by the parties, in particular if it is necessary to safeguard public health and safety interests and the preservation of the environment. " Court hearing. Defense ministers Fernando Azevedo e Silva and Science and Technology Marcos Pontes will go to Congress next week to attend a public hearing on committees. The agreement on the basis of Alcântara should be at the center of the discussion.
 The opposition will question the partnership. "There is a clear limitation of the actions of the Brazilian authorities in all situations. Devices may limit the power of investigation in cases of accident. It is an affront to national sovereignty, "said PSOL leader Ivan Valente (SP).

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